Almost everyone knows someone who is living with diabetes, a metabolic
disease which is increasingly widespread in the United States. In fact,
the number of Americans diagnosed with diabetes grew fourfold between
1980 and 2014. It's important to understand what diabetes is, how
to treat it, and how to reduce the risk of developing it. In recognition
of November being American Diabetes Month, test your knowledge of diabetes
with this quiz:
1. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of type 2 diabetes?
- The body destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas
- The body produces insulin but cannot use it
- The body’s blood sugar levels become dangerously elevated
2. True or false: If your blood test reveals blood glucose levels that are higher than normal,
you are at risk for type 2 diabetes.
3. Which of the following is NOT a useful technique for managing diabetes:
- Glycemic index
- None of the above
4. Diabetes that is left untreated can cause which of the following complications?
- Heart disease and stroke
- Kidney disease
- All of the above
5. Which of the following is a symptom of potential type 1 diabetes in children?
- Frequent thirst or urination
- Hunger and weight loss
- Fatigue and moodiness
- All of the above
6. True or false: Type 1 diabetes occurs in children, while type 2 diabetes occurs in adults.
7. Which of the following types of diabetes often goes away on its own?
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
8. True or false: People with diabetes should carefully monitor the condition of their feet.
Regular checkups play an important part in the prevention, diagnosis and
treatment of diabetes.
Find a trusted primary care physician at St. Joseph Health.
1. Answer: a. Cells need insulin to use glucose, a special type of sugar, for energy.
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but the body resists
it or cannot utilize it properly. In contrast, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune
condition in which the body attacks the pancreas with antibodies and,
as a result, the pancreas does not produce insulin.
2. Answer: True. People are considered prediabetic when their blood sugar levels exceed
normal levels but are not so high as to be considered diabetic. Prediabetes
is a strong signal that you need to modify your lifestyle, because the
condition frequently develops into type 2 diabetes.
3. Answer: d. None of the above. People with type 1 diabetes must use insulin throughout
their lives, and some people with type 2 diabetes may need insulin as
well as other prescription medications to meet their blood glucose targets.
The glycemic index is a meal planning tool you can use to calibrate your
carb-counting and maintain a steady glucose level. Exercise works in tandem
with diet to help you maintain a healthy weight and prevent obesity, which
is a precursor to type 2 diabetes.
4. Answer: d. All of the above. When glucose levels build up in the bloodstream, the
small blood vessels of the heart, kidneys and eyes can become damaged.
5. Answer: d. All of the above. Parents should take a child with any of these symptoms
to their family doctor or pediatrician for examination. Type 1 diabetes
can be diagnosed with a blood test.
6. Answer: False. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called juvenile diabetes, and type 2 diabetes
is sometimes called adult-onset diabetes. However, both children and adults
can develop either type. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed more often in young
people, but it can happen at any age. Type 2 diabetes is seen far more
frequently in teenagers that it used to be, due to the sweeping rise in
7. Answer: c. Pregnancy can trigger diabetes in the mother because being pregnant increases
the body’s resistance to insulin. Gestational diabetes must be carefully
controlled to protect against risks to the baby before and after birth.
The mother’s blood glucose usually return to normal shortly after
pregnancy, but she may be at higher risk for type 2 diabetes in the future.
8. Answer: True. Diabetes can cause nerve damage that reduces sensation. This can keep
you from being able to feel when your foot has been wounded or when you
are standing improperly. The result can be infections, sores and foot
deformities. If you have diabetes, check your feet every day--keep them
clean, neatly trim the nails, and wear non-skid socks or slippers when indoors.
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